State Board Policy
Descriptor Term: Intervention
Adoption Date: January 21, 2005
Revision: January, 2014
1. The purpose of this policy is to ensure that the behavioral and academic needs of every student are met through an instructional model that is designed to address student learning with quality classroom instruction and opportunities for intervention. The Mississippi Department Education (MDE) shall require every school district to follow the instructional model, which consists of three (3) tiers of instruction:
a. Tier 1: Quality classroom instruction based on Mississippi Curriculum Frameworks
b. Tier 2: Focused supplemental instruction
c. Tier 3: Intensive interventions specifically designed to meet the individual needs of students
2. If strategies at Tier 1 and Tier 2 are unsuccessful, students must be referred to the Teacher Support Team (TST). The TST is the problem-solving unit responsible for interventions developed at Tier 3. Each school must have a Teacher Support Team (TST) implemented in accordance with the process developed by the MDE. The chairperson of the TST shall be the school principal as the school's instructional leader or the principal's designee. The designee may not be an individual whose primary responsibility is special education. Interventions will be:
a. designed to address the deficit areas;
b. research based;
c. implemented as designed by the TST;
d. supported by data regarding the effectiveness of interventions.
3. Teachers should use progress monitoring information to:
a. determine if students are making adequate progress,
b. identify students as soon as they begin to fall behind, and
c. modify instruction early enough to ensure each student gains essential skills.
Monitoring of student progress is an ongoing process that may be measured through informal classroom assessment, benchmark assessment instruments and large-scale assessments.
4. After a referral is made, the TST must develop and begin implementation of an intervention(s) within two weeks. No later than eight weeks after implementation of the intervention(s) the TST must conduct a documented review of the interventions to determine success of the intervention(s). No later than 16 weeks after implementation of the intervention(s), a second review must be conducted to determine whether the intervention(s) is successful. If the intervention(s) is determined to be unsuccessful, then the student will be referred for a comprehensive assessment.
5. In accordance with the Literacy-Based Promotion Act of 2013, each public school student who exhibits a substantial deficiency in reading at any time, as demonstrated through:
a. performance on a reading screener approved or developed by the MDE, or
b. through locally determined assessments and teacher observations conducted in
Kindergarten and Grades 1 through 3, or
c. through statewide end-of-year assessments or approved alternate yearly assessments
in Grade 3,
must be given intensive reading instruction and intervention immediately following the identification of the reading deficiency. A student who was promoted from Grade 3 to Grade 4 under a good cause exemption of the Literacy-Based Promotion Act must be given intensive reading instruction and intervention. The intensive intervention must include effective instructional strategies and appropriate teaching methodologies necessary to assist the student in becoming a successful reader, able to read at or above grade level, and ready for promotion to the next grade.
6. All students in Kindergarten and grades 1 through 3 may be administered a screener within the first 30 days of school and repeated at mid-year and at the end of the school year to identify any deficiencies in reading. In addition to failure to make adequate progress following Tier 1 and Tier 2, students will be referred to the TST for interventions as specified in guidelines developed by MDE if any of the following events occur:
a. Grades 1-3: A student has failed one (1) grade;
b. Grades 4-12: A student has failed two (2) grades;
c. A student failed either of the preceding two grades and has been suspended or
expelled for more than twenty (20) days in the current school year; OR
d. A student scores at the lowest level on any part of the Grade 3 or Grade 7 statewide
e. A student is promoted from Grade 3 to Grade 4 under a good cause exemption of the
Literacy-Based Promotion Act.
Referrals to the TST must be made within the first twenty (20) school days of a school year if the student meets any of the criteria a-d stated above in Paragraph 6.
Source: Miss. Code Ann. § 37-177-1, et seq., (Act) (Revised 01/2014)